Afghanistan has had a mining industry since the time of Julius Caesar. Lapis lazuli, those colorful blue stones, was first discovered in Afghanistan and has been continuously mined there for thousands of years. The type and extent of minerals in Afghanistan have been known for many, many years by the major mining companies.
The fact that the U.S. Geological Survey has updated its information would not even be news, if this were some other area of the world. However, the major problem with the theory that America will somehow benefit if the minerals are finally mined is the fact that the largest mining companies in the world that mine copper and iron ore are BHP, an Australian company, and Vale, a Brazilian company.